Kaziranga National Park - Assam
In the state of Assam in northeastern India, there is a protected area called Kaziranga National Park. Tigers, elephants, and the biggest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses in the world call the woods, swamps, and grasslands of the Brahmaputra River floodplain home. Dolphins from the Ganges River swim in the park's waters. Many uncommon migrating species stop, and gray pelicans roost close to the Kaziranga hamlet.
Anyone who believes that the Indian one-horned rhinoceros only existed during the Jurassic period needs to visit Kaziranga. More than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros, or roughly 2/3 of the species' global population, call Kaziranga National Park, a 430 square kilometer area dotted with elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and deep woods, home. The park is one of the most popular wildlife vacation spots in India. The park, which was established in 1908 on Mary Curzon's advice, is situated on the outskirts of Golaghat and Nagaon district, two of the Eastern Himalayan region's biodiversity hotspots. The park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. The wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, Mary Curzon, reportedly visited the park but was unable to locate even one Indian one-horned rhinoceros. Then she convinced her husband to start making plans for their preservation to take immediate action to save the endangered species. The Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was established in 1905 with a total area of 232 km2 (90 sq mi) following several meetings and documents.
indeed the park has a healthy animal population, but what makes it more well-known are the projects for wildlife conservation that are carried out there. The park has effectively increased the population of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros, an endangered species, thanks to its excellent wildlife conservation efforts.
The Brahmaputra River's presence gives the park an intriguing appearance in addition to its huge area of tall elephant grass, wetlands, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests.
The four primary types of vegetation that may be found here are alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woods, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests. This is because the eastern and western parts of the park are at different altitudes. Among the renowned trees that can be observed in the park are the elephant Apple, Indian Gooseberry, Cotton Tree, and Kubhi. Lakes, ponds, and the banks of rivers all have a good variety of water plants.
The greatest number of Indian rhinoceroses in the world is in Kaziranga Park's woodland area. Hoolock Gibbon, Tiger, Leopard, Indian Elephant, Sloth Bear, Wild Water Buffalo, Swamp Deer, and others can also be observed in Kaziranga's elephant grass, marshlands, and deep tropical moist broadleaf forests. The government officials designated Kaziranga as a Tiger Reserve in the year 2006 due to an annual growth in tiger population. Additionally, a considerable variety of migratory bird species from Central Asia can be found here.
Best Time to Visit :
Kaziranga Park is always closed to visitors from May 1 through October 31. Therefore, the ideal season to explore Kaziranga National Park is from November to April.
Summer (April to May): During this season, the weather is still dry and windy, and wildlife can be seen around bodies of water.
Monsoon (June to September): From June through September, the area experiences 2,220 millimeters (87 in) of heavy rain, which keeps the environment hot and muggy. Since there have been flood warnings for the Brahmaputra river, the park is closed from May to October.
Winter (November to February): Given the mild and dry weather, this may be the ideal time to explore Kaziranga National Park. As the grass burns off and the background becomes more visible in the winter, the chances of seeing rhinos increase.
Safari Timing :
The management of Kaziranga Park arranges a jeep and elephant safari excursion to encourage wildlife tourism in Assam.
8:00 am to 10:00 am Jeep Safari in the morning and 2:00 pm to 4:00 pm Jeep Safari in the afternoon
Significant Attractions in and Around the Park :
A jeep or an elephant would be the finest ways to experience the park at its fullest, but what other options are there? Fortunately, there are plenty of natural retreat choices near Kaziranga, including hill towns, parks for bird watching, and wildlife sanctuaries. In order to make the trip even more memorable, travelers should visit the destinations listed below if they happen to have a few more days available. Listed below are some attractions around Kaziranga National Park:
- Orang National Park (114 km)
- Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary
- Addabarie Tea Estate
- Kakochang fall (46 km)
- Deopahar (51 km)
Nearby Touring Places :
- Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
- Nameri National Park
- Manas National Park
Photo Courtesy: Google