Keoladeo National Park - Bird Haven - Bharatpur
The Keoladeo National Park, formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is regarded as one of the world's most important bird breeding and feeding places. It began as a royal hunting reserve in the 1850s, and it served as a game reserve for Maharajas and British. In reality, Lord Linlithgow, Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943, and his hunting party shot thousands of ducks in a single day! Keoladeo was designated as a national park in 1982, and UNESCO designated it as a World Heritage Site in 1985.
The park is home to about 370 different bird and animal species, including the basking python, painted storks, deer, and nilgai. Salim Ali, a well-known Indian ornithologist and naturalist, used his clout to persuade the government to approve the creation of Keoladeo National Park. It was also recognised as a breeding habitat for the Siberian crane, which is extremely rare and difficult to spot. The treks in Keoladeo National Park are well-defined and may be completed on foot, by bicycle, or by rickshaw. The park management has actually taught the rickshaw drivers in bird watching, and they make excellent tour guides.
Flora & Fauna in Keoladeo National Park
The forests, grasslands, wetlands, and wooded swamps of Keoladeo National Park cover 2,873 hectares. The vegetation is dry deciduous, with medium-sized trees and shrubs growing within the forest. Some of the trees which can be commonly spotted inside the park are kadam, jamun, babul, kandi, ber, kair & piloo.
370 bird species can be found at Keoladeo National Park. The park attracts a great number of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Siberia, and China. In fact, it's the only place in India where you can see the critically endangered Siberian Crane in the winter. Cranes, pelicans, eagles, wagtails, spotted bill duck, white breasted kingfisher, moor hen, painted stork, partridge, magpie robin, rose ringed parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, rose.
The sanctuary was founded 250 years ago and named after the nearby Keoladeo (Shiva) temple. The Ajan Bund, built by Maharaja Suraj Mal, ruler of the princely kingdom of Bharatpur from 1726 until 1763, flooded the area that was once a natural depression. At the junction of two rivers, the Gambhir and the Banganga, the bund was built. With duck shoots staged regularly in honour of the British viceroys, the park provided a delightful hunting area for the maharajas of Bharatpur, a custom dating back to 1850. Lord Linlithgow, the then-Governor-General of India, killed over 4,273 mallards and teals in a single shoot in 1938.
The rulers of the princely states were granted shooting rights after India's independence till 1972. The government banned grazing in the park in 1982, resulting in violent battles between local farmers and Gujjar people, as well as the authorities.
A tiny wintering population of uncommon Siberian Cranes can be found at the sanctuary. Ruddy shelducks, gulls, northern shovelers, northern pintails, coots, garganey, tufted ducks, and common pochard are among the other species.
Farmers pressured the Rajasthan government, led by Vasundhara Raje, to prevent water from being transferred to the sanctuary in late 2004. The park's water supply fell from 540,000,000 to 18,000,000 cubic feet (15,000,000 to 510,000 m3), causing an ecological disaster as the marshlands dried up and became uninhabitable.For breeding, the majority of the birds travelled as far as Garhmukteshwar, Uttar Pradesh (90 kilometres from New Delhi) on the Ganga. As a result, many of the birds were slaughtered for their flesh. A Public Interest Litigation was launched in court after the statute was opposed by prominent environmentalists.